Broadband can solve health, education and social services

Broadband can lift developing countries out of poverty and provide access to healthcare, education and basic social services within reach of all, according to the UN Broadband Commission for Digital Development, which met in Dublin this weekend.

The Commission reiterated its call to International community to recognize the transformational potential of high-speed networks and ensure broadband penetration targets are specifically included in the UN post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals.

It also urged governments and international financing bodies to work to remove current barriers to investment. Globally, as much as 95 percent of telecommunications infrastructure is private sector-funded, but better incentives are urgently needed if investment is to expand in line with the coming exponential growth of connected users and so-called ‘Internet of Things’ data streams.

In the world’s 200 biggest cities, the number of connected devices is forecast to increase from an average of 400 devices per square kilometre to over 13,000 devices per square kilometre by 2016.

The Commission, which includes some of the world’s most prominent leaders from the tech sector, government, academia and UN agencies gathered in Dublin at the invitation of Denis O’Brien, chairman, Digicel Group and one of the founding members of the group.

It is chaired by President Paul Kagame of Rwanda and Mexico’s Carlos Slim Helú, with ITU Secretary-General Dr Hamadoun I Toure and UNESCO director-general Irina Bokova as co-vice chairs.

“The long-sought panacea to human poverty may at last be within our reach in the form of broadband networks that empower all countries to take their place in the global economy, overcoming traditional barriers like geography, language and resource constraints,” said O’Brien, whose companies provide mobile services in some of the world’s most challenging environments and disadvantaged countries, such as Haiti and Papua New Guinea.

To drive faster broadband roll-out, O’Brien called on governments to lower spectrum license fees and advocated for the establishment of a ‘champion’s league’ index that tracks best practice in broadband investment and deployment.

In his welcoming remarks, Rwanda’s president Kagame noted that broadband and ICTs can deliver more efficiency in education, health, finance, banking and other sectors. Most encouragingly, most of this progress has taken place in the developing world, which has accounted for 90 percent of global net additions for mobile cellular and 82 percent of global net additions of new Internet users since early 2010, when the commission was set up.

“That translates to 820 million new Internet users and two billion new mobile broadband subscribers in developing countries in just four years,” said ITU secretary-general Dr Hamadoun I Toure, who urged commissioners to consider defining a Broadband for MDGs Acceleration Framework which could be presented for endorsement to the UN Secretary-General at the next meeting of the Commission in New York in September, ahead of the UN General Assembly.

“For the first time in history, broadband gives us the power to end extreme poverty and put our planet on a new, sustainable development course,” said Toure.

In addition to broadband and UN sustainable development goals, the agenda of the Dublin meeting covered the changing role of telecom operators and content providers, and innovative solutions for rolling out rural broadband. The gathering also included a meeting of the newly-formed Working Group on Financing and Investment, held on Saturday 22 March.

At that meeting, Commissioners discussed the urgent need for new strategies to finance the massive new investment in telecoms networks needed to cope with a forecast huge surge in mobile data volumes.

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